Though very few of these applications have any scientific backing, stem cell therapy for knees has been the subject of quite a few promising studies.
Many studies of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and allogeneic HSCT have been conducted for autoimmune disease in various animal models.
Source: MED Stanford
Identification of the human skeletal stem cell by Stanford scientists could pave the way for regenerative treatments for bone fractures, arthritis and joint injuries.
Stem cell research began as a potential means of identifying new treatment options for intractable and lethal diseases. In the orthopaedic field, diseases in which current treatment methods are unsatisfactory, inefficient, or incapable of providing durable results are targets for stem cell therapy.
PRP or Platelet Rich Plasma has hit the mainstream media. PRP is a mix of concentrated platelets and serum. Why is this important? Surgeons have known for years that healing depends on platelets.
In the past few years, stem cells have become the focus of research by regenerative medicine professionals and tissue engineers. Embryonic stem cells, although capable of differentiating into cell lineages of all three germ layers, are limited in their utilization due to ethical issues.
Researchers from Biotech Research & Innovation Centre (BRIC) at University of Copenhagen have identified a new group of proteins that regulate the function of stem cells. The results are published in the new issue of Cell.